LOS ANGELES, July 12 (Reuters) - U.S. President Joe Biden faces a deadline next week to intervene in nationwide U.S. railroad labor talks covering 115,000 workers, or open the door to a potential strike or lockout that could threaten an already fragile economy and choke supplies of food and fuel.
The stakes are high for Biden, who wants to tackle inflation-stoking supply-chain woes and is already working to reach a deal in the critical labor talks at West Coast seaports.
If the president declines to intercede in the railroad labor negotiations by appointing a Presidential Emergency Board (PEB) before 12:01 a.m. EDT on Monday, the railroads and unions could opt for operational shutdowns or strikes, respectively. If appointed, the board would make recommendations that could be used as a framework for a voluntary settlement.
A White House official told Reuters the administration “is going through the standard process that has been used in the past when considering a PEB.” The White House declined further comment.
Parties in the current talks expect Biden to appoint a board as President Barack Obama did to help resolve a wage and healthcare benefit standoff at the largest freight railroads in 2011.
"People in the executive branch and in Congress know how vital our freight rail system is to our economy," said Greg Regan, president of the AFL-CIO Transportation Trades Department that represents several railroad unions.
"You're going to see a similar amount of pressure to reach an agreement that you're seeing on the port side," he added.
U.S. business groups representing retailers and food and fuel producers in letters to Biden have warned that failing to appoint a PEB would be "disastrous" for the softening economy. Railroads move everything from Amazon packages to fuel oil and soybeans, and a shutdown of any kind could send prices for necessities higher and upend battered supply chains.
The railroad talks come at a bad time for Biden, whose administration is also dealing with negotiations covering more than 22,000 U.S. West Coast workers at 29 seaports stretching from Washington to California, including the nation's busiest at Los Angeles/Long Beach. The contract expired on July 1 and the two sides are wrestling over issues ranging from pay to automation. read more
Talks between major freight railroads, including Union Pacific (UNP.N) and Berkshire Hathaway (BRKa.N)-owned BNSF, and unions representing their workers have dragged out more than two years. If appointed, the PEB has 30 days to make nonbinding settlement recommendations. Work stoppages are prohibited during that time and for 30 days following the release of the report.
If employers or unions reject the recommendations, Congress can intervene.
The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen (BLET), one of the unions involved in the talks, according to its bylaws set a Tuesday morning deadline for its 23,000 members to vote on authorizing a strike should such action become necessary.
The American railroad industry is already plagued by disruptions stemming from self-inflicted staffing shortages that have crimped fertilizer shipments, caused backups at major U.S. seaports and stopped feed from reaching Foster Farms' chickens in California. read more Graphic: https://tmsnrt.rs/3ytlpIk
The leader of the independent federal agency that regulates the industry had harsh criticism in May, saying the railroads have slashed 45,000 jobs, almost 30% of their workforce, in the past six years. Graphic: https://tmsnrt.rs/3yvnYto
"They've cut below the bone," Martin Oberman, chairman of the Surface Transportation Board, said at a U.S. House of Representatives committee hearing. "Rail service is unacceptably poor .... All stakeholders agree the problem is principally caused by a shortage of labor," Oberman said.
U.S. freight railroads have assured investors they are making progress with hiring and retention as they negotiate with unions over pay, time off and healthcare cost sharing.
Railroads, unions and customers hope to avoid a repeat of 1992. Back then, railroads shut down for two days after the International Association of Machinists struck CSX Corp (CSX.O), and the nation's railroads responded by ceasing operations, saying a strike against one railroad was a strike against all railroads. At the time, experts warned the impact of the rail disruption could grow from $50 million per day at the outset to $1 billion per day for an extended action.
"It remains in the best interests of all parties - and the public - to settle this dispute, provide for prompt pay increases for all rail employees, and prevent rail service disruptions," the National Railway Labor Conference (NRLC) said in a negotiations update.
This article originally appeared on Reuters